Parts of Europe are now drier than they have been for thousands of years: study

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Climate change affects us all. It is urgent to solve the problem facing humanity, otherwise our very existence on the only planet we have will be in danger. In the latest sign that we are heading into a bleak future, a study has found that parts of Spain and Portugal are drier than they have been for the past 1,200 years.

The drier climate has the potential to severely affect wine and olive production in these two countries.

The Azores High is an area of ​​high atmospheric pressure that moves clockwise over the Atlantic region. It is called “guardian” of rainfall in Europe. Winter rains in Europe are caused by the Azores High. It sends westerly winds into the interior of the continent and causes winter rains.

The study of this phenomenon was conducted by researchers in the United States and was published in the journal Nature Geoscience.

The study found that the Azores High, the anticyclonic system “has changed dramatically over the last century and that these changes in the climate of the North Atlantic are unprecedented over the last millennium”.

A climate model simulation was used in this study. The simulation included climate data from the last 1200 years. The simulation showed that the high-pressure system began to expand over the past 200 years as greenhouse gas emissions increased.

In the 20th century, it developed even more dramatically with climate change. Scientists said that as the Azores High extended, western Mediterranean countries became drier.

The authors of the study say that trends in the data indicate a decrease in precipitation of 10 to 20% by the end of the century. This has the potential to make the Iberian Peninsula “one of the most vulnerable in Europe”.

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