AMES, Iowa – The Iowa Soybean Research Center recently awarded funding for four soybean research projects at Iowa State University, the largest level of funding invested in a single year by the ISRC since its inception in 2014.
The centre’s Industry Advisory Council met in September to review several research ideas and offer advice on how to invest the available funds. Due to the high quality and innovation of the research offered, and thanks to the increased financial support provided by the Iowa Soybean Association, the ISRC has awarded a total of $ 320,000. The funded projects are described below.
- Liang dong, professor of electrical and computer engineering, and Steve whitham, professor of plant pathology and microbiology, will receive two-year funding to develop “low-cost multimodal sensor networks for early detection of soybean diseases”. Researchers aim to develop a diagnostic device for economical and rapid testing of soybean pathogens to better detect diseases at an early stage to reduce their spread and minimize damage. The technology will facilitate rapid monitoring of soybean crops during the growing season to help make management decisions that protect yield potential. Additionally, the technology will be used by researchers to better understand pathogen-induced stress in soybeans at different stages and under various conditions.
- Prashant Jha, Associate Professor of Agronomy and Weed Extension Specialist, will receive two-year funding for a project on “Improving the Implementation and Adoption of Non-Chemical Tactics for Integrated Weed Management in soybeans ”. Water hemp is one of the most problematic and economically damaging weed species in soybeans, and its resistance to several herbicides has increased the need for management solutions. Jha received seed funding for this project from the USDA-NIFA Crop Protection and Pest Management Program in September 2021, working with collaborators from Arkansas and Kansas. The new ISRC support will help Jha expand the scope of the project through additional on-farm trials. His team will evaluate the effectiveness of two non-chemical weed management tactics (cover crops and harvesting weed seeds) in conjunction with herbicides while quantifying the economic benefits and risks of adopting a program. integrated weed management system.
- Leonor Léandro, professor of plant pathology and microbiology, will receive a two-year funding to continue and expand the work initially funded by the ISRC in 2020 and entitled “Time of Disease Onset as an Early Indicator of Soybean Resistance to SDS”. Leandro’s research team previously found that the timing of the initial onset of SDS leaf symptoms during the growing season was strongly correlated with late season SDS severity and soybean yield. Leandro is investigating whether the timing of SDS symptom onset could be used as a more reliable measure of soybean resistance to SDS than the late season disease assessments that are currently used. The research could benefit soybean breeding programs by improving the screening methods used to identify soybean lines resistant to SDS.
- Steve whitham, professor of phytopathology and microbiology, Lie tang, professor of agricultural engineering and biosystems, and Danny singh, professor of agronomy, will receive funding to study the “Effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 and abiotic stress on soybean performance in the Enviratron. The research team will study soybean performance with respect to disease development and abiotic stress tolerance under future climate scenarios. Specifically, they will study the effects of CO2 on soybean responses to pathogens and the effects of high ambient temperatures on soybean phenotype and gene expression. Experiments will be conducted at the Enviratron, an environment-controlled plant growth facility developed in the state of Iowa, to help monitor several environmental variables to study the effects on plant performance. The Enviratron is unique in that data collection is automated through the use of a robotic rover that visits plants in growth chambers and collects data using a set of cameras and sensors. The long-term objective of this research is to generate scientific knowledge and inform prospective breeding approaches to develop soybean germplasm lines well adapted to future agricultural production environments.
ISRC Director Greg Tylka said: “We are very grateful for the discussion and thoughtful advice from farmers and industry representatives on the centre’s Industry Advisory Council as well as for the support. increased funding provided by the Iowa Soybean Association. We thank the researchers in the State of Iowa who submitted ideas, many of which were research concepts that were revised and improved based on the comments and advice of the Advisory Board. The breadth of research ideas considered for funding this year was remarkable and included collaborations of researchers combining talents and knowledge in different areas of expertise, making research multidisciplinary in a way we have never seen before. . “
“The membership of the ISRC Industry Advisory Board continues to grow, as do the contributions of the company and the engagement of knowledgeable Board members. This year’s board discussion was enriched by several innovative and potentially high-impact research proposals from small interdisciplinary teams. Ultimately, the farmers representing the levy and company representatives provided funding and recommendations to support several important projects, ”said Ed Anderson, senior director of research for the Iowa Soybean Association and president of the ISRC Advisory Board.
ISRC is a formal collaboration of Iowa soybean growers, industry partners, the Iowa Soybean Association, and the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. Current industrial partners include AMVAC, BASF, Bayer, Cornelius Seed, Corteva Agriscience, FMC, GDM, Innvictis / Simplot, Merschman Seeds, Syngenta and UPL. Each industrial partner has a representative who sits on the centre’s advisory board. The council also has three farmer representatives and meets annually to provide feedback on research they would like to see funded.
About the Iowa Soybean Research Center
The Iowa Soybean Research Center was established in 2014 by Iowa State University in partnership with the Iowa Soybean Association. The center was founded to increase soybean production and profitability for Iowa farmers through coordinated research efforts involving the State of Iowa, the Iowa Soybean Association, and the private sector. Information on becoming an industry partner of the Iowa Soybean Research Center is available by contacting Center Director Greg Tylka, 515-294-0878 or [email protected]