EU sanctions and Russian science

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Globalization still has all its ingredients, but over time the world has moved to take advantage of this transnational, multilateral and borderless system, so that countries were once on the advantageous side, sliding into a less advantageous position , which makes them disadvantaged by this system.

Globalization is mislabeled as the product of Western efforts. Conversely, All nations have contributed to achieving this in their domains. Alexander’s expedition to Persia and then to the Macedonian subcontinent had been the spearhead of globalization. The invention of the wheel literally increased the rate at which this system began to transcend boundaries, but it also came with the invention of Zero to speed it up. As the zero was invented in the subcontinent, then traveled to the Arab world with the conquest of Sind by the Arabs, and employing this new zero, Al Khwarizmi developed algebra. All of these events have contributed to globalization. It’s not over yet. The great invention of printing in dynastic China long before the emergence of the Gutenberg press in France. This press had taken the European out of the Dark Ages to the Age of Enlightenment, which marked the beginning of globalization. The invention of gunpowder and tools in dynastic China had also contributed in its field. All these inventions that triggered the system were invented by different nations that hinted at something else.

Now it has become clear that globalization has never been given by a single nation so often seen as the Western gift, on the contrary, globalization is the global heritage, as the global world has contributed to it from Sinic civilization to the Muslim civilization and from the Muslim civilization to the ancient Greek civilization. The Global East also contributed as much as the Global West. Therefore, globalization was the international heritage, which should have a certain date of birth.

It is now necessary to define a unique moment which could be considered as the birth of globalization to avoid confusion. Paul Kennedy, claimed in his book, “The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers,” that 1501 was the watershed moment in human history and the beginning of globalization. After diving deep into the evidence of contributions to globalization from all over the world, one can then better address the question of why globalization is often seen as Western heritage. It is now imperative to take care of it.

All progress in human history after 1501 has been achieved solely by the global West. Since all aspects of globalization that the world has witnessed have been bestowed on the world by the West, which over time has monopolized the forces of globalization, it has thus become the Western heritage despite the fact established so far. Until now the West had obtained the monopoly, it was high time to reap the harvest.

So, from 1453, when it was the beginning of the age of enlightenment and from 1492, the age of exploration, the Portuguese navigator, Vasco da gama, discovered the routes of western Europe to the east by way of the Cape of Good Hope, and in 1498, an Italian explorer, the voyages of Christopher Columbus followed the same path. Unfortunately, these discoveries were not lucrative for the natives of the newly explored place as the explorers considered themselves superior in terms of techniques and prowess to navigate, they began to colonize the different parts of the world to extract the great fortunes that the aborigines would have. had. It can also be marked as the beginning of colonialism.

Over time, explorers colonized Central, Latin and North America. On September 31, 1599, a charter was granted by the Queen of Great Britain to the EIC, the red dragon hosted on the subcontinent in 1608. These 800 men eventually created an empire until 1757 after the battle of Plassey . At that time, the West was witnessing the emergence of the Enlightenment, of science, of reason alone with the beginning of the industrial revolution. Nevertheless, it is quite safe to say that the Industrial Revolution was emerging while ruthlessly extracting and exploiting the natural, human and other resources of their colonies. As the famous Shashi tharoor claimed in his inglorious empire, India’s share of world GDP fell from 23% when they entered India to just 4% when they left.

At that time, it was both advantageous and inevitable for the globalizers or better called the colonizers to extract without restraint these resources to maintain the manufacturing industry; the wheel, moving. To legitimize this ruthless exploitation, Adim Smith’s theory of laissez-faire, free market economy and free movement of goods was sufficient. Meanwhile, after the American declaration of independence in 1776, all were in favor of the West until 2008 and with the boom of globalization coupled with the industrial revolution in 1908.

After 2008 the Globe started to shift so the West which was once on the advantageous side seems to be sliding towards the less advantageous side. Globalization is the same because the main forces remain unchanged but what has changed is who will be more advantageous than the others.

In the last fifty years, Global East, specifically after the end of colonialism from 1945, emerged to take advantage of globalization, obviously, the rise of Japan from its ashes, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, China and India. Indicators like GDP, industries, production and infrastructure development back up the claim. This world order is surely not acceptable to Westerners who consider globalization as their heritage, so it should always be favorable to them. This is surely a mistaken aspiration.

Due to this discontent, the West has recently been mired in the quagmire of populism, hyper-nationalism, Brexit and more. In the form of these apparitions, the West has shrugged off responsibility for the damage they have caused to the environment, to nations and to the global world through exploitation and extraction.

Now, logically, it comes to mind why globalization has turned west. The drivers of the West’s mistrust of it are like improving people’s living standards, shrinking the numbers of the working class which have always been the inevitable for prosperity and development. Demands for higher wages, holidays and better working conditions, as well as strict environmental restrictions, have all made the West less sympathetic to globalization. Its forces are inescapable and irrevocable.

To date, humanity has been exposed to existential threats and global issues that require a global solution. Like the recent apocalyptic pandemic, COVID 19, most recently the resurgence of AIDS, malaria and monkeypox, and worsening climate change, all of these threats know no borders, so it takes an hour to write the concerted effort system that should not also knows the borders.

In short, globalization is the global heritage that alludes to the fact that no nation, civilization or region has the right to reap its benefits at the expense of the exploitation of others. Recent changes in the global world order, the global East has become more advantageous than the global West which makes the letter suspicious of the promises of globalization. This is why we have recently seen the rise of inward marching, Brexit, Trumpism, hyper-nationalism and the like. But it is established that the main forces of globalization are inevitable and invincible. The global problems facing the world desperately need global solutions rather than scattered, individual, national or regional solutions.

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